What is a corgi?

The welsh corgi Pembroke (welsh corgi Pembroke) is a small dog. They are bold and alert. They can guard their homes with a high degree of vigilance. They are one of the most popular small guard dogs. 

What is a corgi?

Corgi content

  • 1.Development History
  • 2.Morphological characteristics
  • 3.Character traits
  • 4.Feeding method
  • 5.Grooming dog hair
  • 6.Self-protection
  • 7.Breeding and breeding

Development History

What is a corgi? The Welsh Corgi is a breed of dog brought over by Flemish workers in 1107. According to its head resembling a fox, some people believe that the dog is closely related to the ancestor of the sharp-billed dog. However, some people believe that the Corgis were produced by the mating of the Swedish short-legged long-legged dogs and indigenous dogs that were passed to Wales following the Welsh-Swedish trade. The name of the Welsh Corgi comes from the Welsh word “correct” which means petite dog. There are two variants of this dog: the Penbrook and the Cardigan. The Penbrook is more famous than the Cardigan. Although the dog is petite, it has always been loved by high-class people. From the 12th century of Charles I to Queen Elizabeth II, Welsh Corgi has been the British royal family pet [2].

Morphological characteristics

The ears are medium in size and erect, with rounded ear tips, and brown eyes are medium in size and ovoid in shape. The eyes are medium in size, not prominent, the eye circles are dark and the corners of the eyes are clear. The mouth and nose are graceful and compact, with a lack of hair, which is a congenital feature. The chest should be of moderate width and taper downwards, relaxing between the forelegs. The rear-drive is muscular and strong, but the width is slightly smaller than the shoulders. The body is slightly smaller than that of a Cardi dog [3]. The coat length is moderate, the fluff layer is short and thick, and the outer coat is long and rough, which can withstand various environmental conditions. The hair on the whole body varies in length, the collar, chest, and shoulders are slightly thicker and longer, and the torso coat is flat. The ventral surface of the forelimbs, the lower abdomen, and the ventral surface of the hindquarters have relatively long hair. The coat should be straight. The dog is prone to fading. The hair colors are light yellow short hair, golden short hair, red short hair, yellowish-brown, and white short hair. [4] .

What is a corgi?

Character traits

What is a corgi? Friendly in nature, brave and bold, neither timid nor brutal, with a gentle personality [1].Welsh Corgi (5 photos)Energetic, easy to train, adapt to home life quickly, and become a good friend of children. But it is prone to progressive retinal detachment, blood disorders, hip dysplasia, and spine diseases [4].

Feeding method

The amount of food fed every day should be moderate, too much or too little is not harmful to healthy growth. In the daily feed, should

Contains meat and the same amount of various grains, vegetables, carrots, and other vegetarian foods. Varieties should be changed regularly to ensure comprehensive nutrition. Corgi dogs are prone to eye diseases, so they should wash their eyes with 2% boric acid water every 3 to 5 days to prevent eye diseases. You should also bathe it regularly, remove earwax and tartar, trim claws and so on. Corgis have no body odor and just take a bath once a month. The kennel should choose a ventilated, clean and dry place, and disinfect it every half a month or a month to prevent the breeding of bacteria [4].

Grooming dog hair

Pay attention to the order of combing: start from the neck, from front to back, and proceed from top to bottom in sequence

, That is, from the neck to the shoulders, then the back, chest, waist, abdomen, and hindquarters, then comb the head, and finally the limbs and tail. In the process of combing, you should comb one side and then comb the other side. Combing method: combing hair should be combed and pulled quickly in the direction of the hair. When grooming long-haired dogs, many people only comb the long hair on the surface and ignore the fine hair below. The undercoat of a dog is soft and dense. If it is not combed for a long time, it will form tangles and even cause eczema, tinea, or other skin diseases. Therefore, when combing a long-haired dog, you should comb layer by layer, turn the long hair up, and then comb its undercoat. Types of combs: brushes, elastic wire brushes, and long and sparse metal combs. The brush can only make the ends of the long hair fluffy, but the fine hair cannot be combed. When grooming long-haired dogs, brushes, elastic wire brushes, and long and sparse metal combs should be used together [5].

What is a corgi?

Self-protection

The most serious and common canine diseases are now introduced as follows:

  1. Rabies : It is an acute infectious disease caused by a filtering virus. The patient is zoonotic and has a very serious hazard. The mortality rate is almost 100%. So far, there is no medicine to cure. Rabies vaccination is the only effective preventive measure. There are two kinds of vaccines to prevent rabies produced in my country: freeze-dried vaccines of rabies attenuated cells and rabies vaccines. Freeze-dried vaccine of rabies attenuated cells is diluted with sterilized water, and 1 ml is injected subcutaneously regardless of the size of the dog. The immunization period is 1 year. For the rabies vaccine, dogs weighing less than 4 kg, receive 3 ml each time; dogs weighing more than 4 kg, receive 5 ml each time, and the immunization period is half a year. In addition, injection of five-unit vaccine or six-unit vaccine is a good way to prevent rabies and other diseases: Although there are no obvious adverse reactions after the above-mentioned vaccination, it should be injected according to the instructions.
  2. Ascariasis : It is a widely spread intestinal parasitic disease, which seriously affects the normal development of puppies and young dogs.
  3. Pseudorabies : This disease is an infectious disease caused by a variety of domestic and wild animals. The incidence of pigs is high, and dogs are also infected. Dogs are infected by eating beef, pork, rat meat, etc. that are suffering from pseudorabies, or by infection of the dog’s wounds. Sick dogs have a high mortality rate, but they do not excrete the virus to the outside. Staring at the beginning of the illness, depressed, scratching the injured area. The area around the wound was red and swollen, the sick dog groaned, refused to feed, vomited, bited a foreign body, pharyngeal paralysis, drooling, and died with symptoms similar to rabies. The disease is mainly prevention: dogs are strictly prohibited from entering the pig house, and it is a good strategy to inject pseudorabies attenuated vaccine for puppies over 4 months old.
  4. Canine parvovirus disease : This disease is a canine infectious disease that has been found to be infected by the feces, urine and saliva of sick animals in recent years. Mainly harm puppies. Dogs with enteritis type are in low spirits, body temperature rises, refusal to feed, vomiting, diarrhea, discharge of loose stools, watery stools and tomato-like smelly stools, and soon die from dehydration. Dogs with myocardial type have mild diarrhea and often die suddenly. Because of breathing difficulties. The disease is easily misdiagnosed as enteritis, dysentery, pneumonia, etc. The mortality rate of sick dogs is 10%-50%. The sick dogs are treated symptomatically by veterinarians. Injection of antitoxin No. 1 has a good effect on this disease. Injecting canine parvovirus vaccine or five vaccines before the onset is the best way to prevent this disease.
  5. Canine distemper : This disease is an acute infectious disease caused by a virus, which mainly harms puppies between 3-12 months of age. Sick dogs with loss of appetite, vomiting, fatigue, chills, cough, high fever, foul-smelling or bloody stool; bronchitis or pneumonia caused by photophobia, watery, runny nose or pus-like nasal fluid; body spasm-like movements, screaming and running, Foaming at the mouth or falling to the ground convulsions, the course of the disease may be long or short, and the sequelae of hindquarters tend to be weak after healing, and some may die a few months later. This disease mostly occurs in the cold October-April, with a high fatality rate. The treatment of this disease can be analgin injection, intramuscular injection of penicillin or oral sulfa drugs. Vaccination of five-unit vaccines for weaned puppies is the best way to prevent this disease.
  6. Canine infectious hepatitis : This disease is an acute septic infectious disease caused by canine hepatitis virus, which mainly affects puppies under 1 year old. At the beginning of the disease, the body temperature rose to 41℃, fatigue, thirst, diarrhea, blood in the stool, photophobia, arched back, etc. Puppies have a high mortality rate; adult dogs can survive the dangerous period and recover. The disease is treated with fluid infusion and vitamin B and vitamin C supplementation, antibiotics are injected to prevent infection, and the liver is protected by oral administration of Liver Taile.
  7. Canine tuberculosis : human tuberculosis, bovine tuberculosis, and poultry tuberculosis. Canine tuberculosis is caused by human or bovine tuberculosis bacteria. Puppies are prone to disease and are also a threat to people. Dogs suffering from open tuberculosis should be culled and buried deeply to avoid spreading infection.
  8. Meningitis: This disease is caused by infection with meningitis pathogenic bacteria. Sick dogs have paroxysmal muscle stiffness or twitching, and the horns are reflexed. Sick dogs have no therapeutic value and should be culled and buried deeply.
  9. Canine encephalitis : This disease is caused by different causes such as damage to nerve cells, or canine distemper virus, or invasion of protozoa in the brain, or other viral infections. The main symptoms are high fever, vomiting, lethargy, stiff neck, convulsions, unconsciousness, and death from respiratory failure. Symptomatic treatment can be given in the early stage of onset; severe cases should be culled and buried deeply.
  10. Pneumonia : The sick dog is lack of energy, poor appetite, lying on the ground, drinking water, body temperature 39.5-40℃. There are obvious signs of pneumonia. This disease can be injected with Antongding to lower the body temperature, and the curative effect of intramuscular injection of penicillin or oral erythromycin is also very good.
  11. Canine mycotic pneumonia: This disease is a fungal infection and also infects humans. Symptoms of fungal pneumonia: cough, difficulty breathing, ascites, diarrhea, severe dehydration, etc.
  12. Dog cold : This disease is caused by rain, cold, over-fatigue and malnutrition. Sick dogs are anorexia, high fever, tears, cough, rapid breathing and pulse, depression, etc. [6]  .
What is a corgi?

What is a corgi? The best age for breeding dogs to mate and reproduce at one time has a specific time for sexual maturity. The specific time for sexual maturity is not the age at which the best offspring can be born. This is also true for dogs. Take medium-sized dogs as an example. They begin to mature sexually at the age of 7-8 months after birth. Although both male and female dogs have the ability to give birth to offspring, their physical development is not yet sound.

At this time, the reproductive offspring also won’t be too good. In the case of black back, wolf blue, gorilla, Kunming dog, etc., the gorilla should be a greyhound. At this time, their bodies are fully developed and they have the ability to breed suckling dogs. Therefore, female dogs should be bred in the third estrus; male dogs develop and stereotype later than female dogs. Therefore, the best dog age for the first mating should be Start at the age of two. 

The breeding age of male dogs can be extended from two to seven or eight years old. In order to obtain good offspring of elite breeds, the nutrition of male and female dogs must be strengthened before breeding. Pay attention to proper training and exercise for them. Keep their bodies healthy and keep them motivated to work. Estrus and estrusSexually mature dogs are in heat twice a year. The estrus period in spring is from March to May, and the estrus period in autumn is from September to November.

The interval between two estruses is about 6 months. In the case of female dogs, estrus in female dogs is marked by vaginal bleeding in female dogs: vaginal bleeding generally lasts for about 21 days, but vaginal bleeding in estrus in older female dogs may be a little shorter for one or two days: The main characteristics of female dogs during estrus:

1. The labia of the estrus bitch is swollen, hypertrophy, protruding, and pink at the beginning, with obvious hyperemia and a small amount of mucus with blood flowing out of the bitch’s vagina. As the estrus period continues, the amount of blood flowing out increases day by day, and the color of the blood changes from pink to deep red: on the 8th day of estrus, the blood volume is the thickest, and the darkest. After the 9th day, the blood volume gradually decreased and the concentration gradually became thinner.

At this time, the labia gradually turned dark red. As the swelling of the labia gradually disappeared and wrinkles began to appear, the female dog in estrus entered the ovulation period. The ovulation period lasts about 5-6 days when the female dog in estrus is willing to accept the male dog to climb across. With the extension of the ovulation period, the courtship of the female dog in estrus became more intense. Until the 16th day of the estrus, the female dog began to hate the entanglement of the male dog. At this time, the vagina of the female dog in the estrus still had blood flowing out. By the 21st day, the vagina bleeding stopped, the labia swelling subsided, and the female dog’s estrus ended.

2. The bitch looks excited during estrus. As the estrus continued, the bitch’s excitement increased, her expression was more drowsy than usual, her bark was louder, and her eyes brightened. In hot estrus, the bitch sits restlessly and loses appetite sharply. The tied bitch keeps barking in courtship. At this time, if the dog breeder presses the bitch’s waist with his hand or strokes the dog’s tail, the bitch stands still. , Or tilt the tail of the dog to one side, the dog’s labia is constantly twitching, and the vagina opens and closes frequently.

At this time, as with a sexually mature male dog, the hind limbs of the female dog in estrus are spread apart and the dog is actively accepting mating. During the estrus period of the dog, the dog breeder must closely observe the above-mentioned changes and expressions of the estrus bitch, and must remember the date when the bitch begins to estrus (the first day of vaginal bleeding) in order to calculate the best bitch. mating day: only the best mating day breeding in order to improve bitches conception rate and litter size. Best mating day and matingAccording to observational research and dog-raising practice, it is proved that the estrus period of a normally developed female dog is 21 days, and the 10th to 13th day of estrus is the best mating day. Breeding female dogs are most likely to become pregnant. 

Therefore, the first mating is generally performed on the 10th day of the female dog’s estrus, and then one mating every day for 4 consecutive matings. The last mating is the 13th day of the female’s estrus; or the first mating on the 10th day of the female’s estrus. Mate once every other day, and mate twice on the best mating day. Regarding the changes in the external genitalia of the estrus female dog, by the 10th day of the best mating day, the swollen labia of the estrus female dog had obviously subsided, the color was dark red, and wrinkles appeared around the labia.

The dog breeder used his fingers to stimulate estrus. In the labia of a bitch, the labia nerve of the dog is very sensitive, and there will be rhythmic contractions. The bitch will instinctively open the hind limbs and appear to accept mating. Bitches time to heat physiological condition, when the mating male dogs receiving bitches, uterine stimulation by sperm, 12 to 14 hours after the start of ovulation, ovulation for 12 to 48 hours. The sperm shot into the female dog’s body by the male dog survives for about 48 hours in the female dog’s womb. Continuous mating or mating every other day during the ovulation period from the 10th to 13th day of estrus of the female dog will achieve the best conception effect. Feeding and management of pregnant dogs.

Breeding and breeding

Selection

The selection of elite breed dogs for mating and breeding will consolidate and develop the excellent qualities of dogs in their offspring, and make people’s undesirable shortcomings gradually disappear in their offspring. This is the purpose of selection. When male dogs and female dogs of the same breed with the same excellent traits mate and breed, not only can they ensure that the breeds of their offspring are pure, but they can also consolidate and develop the excellent qualities of their parents in their offspring. This kind of mating and breeding is called purebred Reproduction. Use a male dog of a good breed to mate with a female dog of another breed. Because they have different good traits, you can get offspring with different good qualities from the parents. This kind of breeding is called interbreeding. Using two different types of mating male and females, or new varieties bred offspring with new traits, which is called hybrid breeding species hybridization, using well as excellent bitches Wolf hybridization can cultivate a vicious enemy A new breed of dog that is docile to the owner. The best age for breeding dogs to mate for the first time

The pregnancy period of female dogs is 58 to 65 days, with an average of 62 days. Among them, the gestation period of large dogs and medium-sized dogs is about 63 days, and the gestation period of small dogs such as pugs is about 60 days. In order to ensure that the offspring breeds are pure, in the first few days after mating, the bitch is not allowed to approach the male dogs of other breeds, so as to avoid impure offspring. The bitch should be carefully fed during pregnancy, and the feed should be rich in nutrition and sufficient in quantity, allowing it to feed freely. 

You must also feed some cartilage, fresh green vegetables, cod liver oil, etc. Pregnant dogs must have appropriate activities. Female dogs in the first month of pregnancy can carry out professional training activities every day; from the second month of pregnancy, pregnant dogs should stop training, and are not allowed to jump or participate in professional activities, but every day the owner must take it for a two-hour walk. Improper activity is very harmful to pregnant dogs.

For more knowledge of corgi domestication, please pay attention to the dog encyclopedia.

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